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10 things to know about India-China standoff in Galwan

At 14,000 ft on border: 10 things to know about the India-China standoff in Galwan Valley

 Representative image. Credit: iStock Photo

In the first event of bloodshed along the LAC in 45 years, a violent clash took place between the Indian, Chinese armies on Tuesday. Tensions between India and China over the LAC escalated after 20 Indian soldiers were killed. Casualties were also reported on the Chinese side. The troops disengaged after day-long talks between the Major Generals of two countries.

加拿大28信誉老群Among the 20 Indian soldiers, a Commanding Officer of an infantry battalion was martyred on Monday night in a "violent face-off" with China's PLA troops disrupting the fragile peace prevailing along India's disputed border with China. 

Get all the updates on the India-China border tension here

The stand-off between the two nations at the borders has been in news for quite some time, but the recent clash has intensified it further. Here are 10 things you should know about the India-China standoff in Galwan Valley:

加拿大28信誉老群1. Army officials said Indian and Chinese troops had clashed on the night of June 15 and 16 leading to casualties on both sides. As many as 20 Indian soldiers including the Commanding Officer of an infantry battalion of Indian Army were martyred on Monday night, while ANI claimed, quoting military intercepts shared by the government, that there were 43 Chinese casualties.

加拿大28信誉老群2. Army sources said there was no firing during the entire incident, suggesting that the casualties happened as a result of hand to hand combat.

Read: At least 20 Indian Army personnel martyred in face-off with China in Ladakh

加拿大28信誉老群3. Following day-long meetings at the Major General level between the two armies, the troops were disengaged from the Galwan area, Army officials said.

加拿大28信誉老群4. Defence Minister Rajnath Singh reviewed the current operational situation in Eastern Ladakh, consequent to Monday's violent faceoff olong the LAC, with the External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar, Chief of Defence Staff Gen Bipin Rawat and the three service Chiefs. A second high-level meeting took place in the evening at the Prime Minister's Office to take stock of the situation.

Also read — China claims sovereignty in Galwan Valley, India says PLA flouted consesus

加拿大28信誉老群5. In an aggressive statement, a spokesperson of People's Liberation Army's Western War Zone claimed sovereignty on the Galwan Valley and asserted that Indian troops "violated their commitments by crossing the LAC to carry out illegal activities."

加拿大28信誉老群6. For decades, the Indian position has been that since 1962, Galwan valley was never contested as the area is within Indian territory. "Indian Army is firmly committed to protecting the territorial integrity and sovereignty of the nation," the Army said in a statement.

7. This is for the first time, Indian soldiers were killed along the Line of Actual Control in 45 years. It was in 1975 last when such a tragedy struck India as four soldiers were ambushed by the PLA troops in Arunachal Pradesh. 

Also read — Closely monitoring India-China situation, says US

加拿大28信誉老群8. For more than a month troops from India and China were locked in a tense face-off at several locations in eastern Ladakh near the disputed border as well as in North Sikkim. On May 5, the CO of 11 Mahar regiment was badly injured in a skirmish with the PLA troops on the LAC, leading to a month-long face-off between the border guarding troops from both sides.

加拿大28信誉老群9. Following a meeting between top military leaders on June 6,  the disengagement process was initiated in the Galwan valley but soldiers continue to be in a face-off on the northern banks of the Pangong Tso, which remains a bone of contention between the two countries for decades.

Also read —

10. What renewed China’s interests in Galwan Valley after almost six decades was India’s August 5, 2019 move to strip Jammu and Kashmir of its special status and reorganize the state into two Union Territories. China joined Pakistan in opposing the initiative by Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government, not only as a mark of solidarity with its “iron brother”, but also because it was worried over the implication of the New Delhi’s move on its own boundary dispute with India.